Palm. Fam. 22. 1824, in C. F. P. von Martius et al., Hist. Nat. P
Mexico, West Indies, Central America, and South America.
Although as many as 30 species of Acrocomia have been described, a recent study (A. Henderson et al. 1995) recognized only two, A. aculeata (Jacquin) Loddiges (including A. totai Martius) and A. hassleri (Barbosa Rodrigues) W. J. Hahn. I maintain A. aculeata and A. totai as two separate species, both of which are cultivated in Florida, where the latter species is naturalized. A general comparison of these two species was made by B. Peterson (1991) in which he noted that the eophyll of A. aculeata is 2-cleft and that of A. totai is undivided. He also found several subtle differences between these species when mature. For example, the trunk spines of A. totai are ca. 12–13 cm and those of A. aculeata are ca. 6–10 cm. Clearly, additional study is warranted to resolve the prickly systematic problems in this genus.
Species 2–30 (1 in the flora).
|Author||Scott Zona +|
|Common name||Coyol + and gru-gru +|
|Distribution||Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America + and and South America. +|
|Etymology||Greek akron, summit, and kome, hairs of the head, in reference to the high crown of leaves + and akrokomos, with leaves at the top, said especially of palms +|
|Publication title||Palm. Fam. +|
|Publication year||1837 +|
|Reference||peterson1991a + and peterson1991b +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 618.xml +|
|Taxon family||Arecaceae +|
|Taxon name||Acrocomia +|
|Taxon parent||Arecaceae (tribe Cocoeae) subtribe Bactridinae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 22 +|