in A. D. d’Orbigny, Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale 7(3): 78. 1844; 8(1): plate 9, fig. 1. 1842.
Stems armed with spines 12–13 cm. Leaves ca. 4 m; segments glabrous abaxially. Fruits brownish green, globose, 2–3 cm diam., brownish green.; endocarp globose, brown, bearing 3 germination pores. Seeds: eophyll undivided.
Phenology: Flowering in the summer.
Habitat: Woodlands and hammocks
Elevation: 0–30 m
Introduced; Fla., native, to South America.
Acrocomia totai is sparingly naturalized in central Florida in Brevard County (B. Peterson 1991b), as well as in Dade County in the vicinity of Miami.
Bartram, W. 1791. Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Territories of the Muscogulges, or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Chactawas. . . . Philadelphia.
Cunningham, S. A. 1995. Ecological constraints on fruit initiation by Calyptrogyne ghiesbreghtiana (Arecaceae): Floral herbivory, pollen availability, and visitation by pollinating bats. Amer. J. Bot. 82: 1527--1536.
Davis, J. I. 1995. A phylogenetic structure for the monocotyledons, as inferred from chloroplast DNA restriction site variation, and a comparison of measures of clade support. Syst. Bot. 20: 503--527.
Uhl, N. W. et al. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships among palms: Cladistic analysis of morphological and chloroplast DNA restriction site variation. In: P. J. Rudall et al., eds. 1995. Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. 2 vols. Kew. Vol. 2, pp. 623--662.Pp. xxx.