Adelia

Linnaeus

Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1285, 1298. 1759

Common names: Wild lime
Etymology: Greek a-, not, and delos, evident, alluding to small, obscure flowers
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 181. Mentioned on page 157, 159, 160.
Shrubs [trees], unarmed or branchlets sometimes stiff and thorn-tipped, dioecious [monoecious], hairs unbranched; latex absent. Leaves deciduous, fascicled on short shoots [alternate], simple; stipules present, deciduous; petiole present, glands absent; blade unlobed, margins entire [crenate], laminar glands absent; venation palmate at base and pinnate distally [pinnate]. Inflorescences unisexual [bisexual], axillary, fascicles [racemes] or flowers solitary; bracts subtending pistillate flowers minute, not enlarging in fruit; glands subtending each bract 0. Pedicels present. Staminate flowers: sepals [4–]5, not petaloid, 2[–5] mm, valvate, distinct; petals 0; nectary extrastaminal, annular [5 glands], adnate to calyx; stamens [6–-]14–17[–30], connate basally [distinct]; pistillode present [absent]. Pistillate flowers: sepals 5(–6)[–7], distinct; petals 0; nectary annular; pistil (2–)3(–4)–carpellate; styles (2–)3(–4), distinct [connate basally], deeply multifid. Fruits capsules. Seeds subglobose; caruncle absent.

Distribution

Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, tropical and subtropical regions.

Discussion

Species 9 (1 in the flora).

Phylogenetic analyses of morphological and molecular data support Adelia as a monophyletic group sister to the Caribbean genera Lasiocroton Grisebach and Leucocroton Grisebach (De-Nova and V. Sosa 2007). Three principal lineages were recognized in Adelia: the first includes only A. cinerea (Wiggins & Rollins) A. Cervantes, V. W. Steinmann & Flores Olvera, a species endemic to Mexico; the second includes four Mexican species (including A. vaseyi); and the third comprises the remaining four species from the West Indies, Central America, and South America.

Lower Taxa

Facts about "Adelia"
AuthorJ. Arturo De-Nova +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameWild lime +
DistributionTex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America + and tropical and subtropical regions. +
EtymologyGreek a-, not, and delos, evident, alluding to small, obscure flowers +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Publication titleSyst. Nat. ed. +
Publication year1759 +
Referencede-nova2007a + and de-nova2007b +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V12/V12 801.xml +
Taxon familyEuphorbiaceae +
Taxon nameAdelia +
Taxon parentEuphorbiaceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 12 +