Adiantum capillus-veneris

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 1096. 1753

Common names: Venus's-hair fern southern maidenhair
Synonyms: Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum (L. Underwood) Fernald Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum Fernald Adiantum capillus-veneris var. rimicola (Slosson) Fernald
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.
Stems short-creeping; scales golden brown to medium brown, concolored, iridescent, margins entire or occasionally with single broad tooth near base. Leaves lax-arching or pendent, closely spaced, 15–75 cm. Petiole 0.5–1.5 mm diam., glabrous, occasionally glaucous. Blade lanceolate, pinnate, 10–45 × 4–15 cm, glabrous, gradually reduced distally; proximal pinnae 3(–4)-pinnate; rachis straight to flexuous, glabrous, not glaucous. Segment stalks 0.5–3.5 mm, dark color extending into segment base. Ultimate segments various, generally cuneate or fan-shaped to irregularly rhombic (plants in American southwest occasionally with segments nearly round), about as long as broad; base broadly to narrowly cuneate; margins shallowly to deeply lobed, incisions 0.5–7 mm, occasionally ± laciniate, sharply denticulate in sterile segments; apex rounded to acute. Indusia transversely oblong or crescent-shaped, 1–3(–7) mm, glabrous. Spores mostly 40–50 µm diam. 2n = 120.

Phenology: Sporulating spring–summer.
Habitat: Moist calcareous cliffs, banks, and ledges along streams and rivers, walls of lime sinks, canyon walls (in the American southwest), around foundations, on mortar of storm drains
Elevation: 0–2500 m

Distribution

V2 208-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., Nev., N.Mex., N.C., Okla., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America in Venezuela, Peru, tropical to warm temperate regions in Eurasia and Africa.

Discussion

No evident pattern to morphologic variation in the species is discernible, although a number of segregate species and infraspecific taxa have been recognized within North American Adiantum capillus-veneris. In the Eastern Hemisphere, the species is diploid, with 2n = 60 (I. Manton 1950). Several tetraploid counts have been reported from North America (W. H. Wagner Jr. 1963). Spore-measurement data suggest, however, that the polyploid cytotype may not be widely distributed. Further investigation is needed to determine whether Adiantum capillus-veneris populations in North America are conspecific with those in Eurasia and Africa.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

AuthorCathy A. Paris +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameVenus's-hair fern + and southern maidenhair +
DistributionB.C. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America in Venezuela +, Peru + and tropical to warm temperate regions in Eurasia and Africa. +
Elevation0–2500 m +
HabitatMoist calcareous cliffs, banks, and ledges along streams and rivers, walls of lime sinks, canyon walls (in the American southwest), around foundations, on mortar of storm drains +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologySporulating spring–summer. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V2/V2 208.xml +
SynonymsAdiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum +, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum + and Adiantum capillus-veneris var. rimicola +
Taxon familyPteridaceae +
Taxon nameAdiantum capillus-veneris +
Taxon parentAdiantum +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 2 +