Sp. Pl. 1: 547. 1753
Illustrator: John Myers
Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jun).
Habitat: Prairies, fields, river banks, and waste places
Elevation: 100-200 m
Ala., Ark., La., Mo., Tenn., Tex., native to Eurasia.
Adonis annua also has been reported for the lower Mississippi Valley (W.C. Muenscher 1980), Ontario and Manitoba (H. J. Scoggan 1978-1979, part 3), some of the western states, and New England. I have not found more recent records to confirm abundance of the species in those regions. Muenscher's report was presumably based on J. K. Small (1933), who cited the species as abundant along newly built levees of the Mississippi River. Although the species may escape frequently in some areas, the populations are often tenuously established and tend not to persist. Records of A. annua from western states were based on misidentified A. aestivalis.
Herbarium specimens without mature achenes may be impossible to distinguish from the closely related Adonis aestivalis, which differs in achene morphology and, reportedly, a slight difference in orientation of sepals and petals.
Several infraspecific taxonomies have been proposed for Adonis annua; none are well supported by observations in the field (C. C. Heyn and B. Pazy 1989).
Petal color has been variously reported; in the flora only dark red with a dark basal blotch is confirmed by herbarium specimens.
|Common name||Autumn adonis + and bird's-eye +|
|Distribution||Ala. +, Ark. +, La. +, Mo. +, Tenn. +, Tex. + and Native to Eurasia. +|
|Elevation||100-200 m +|
|Habitat||Prairies, fields, river banks, and waste places +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jun). +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. +|
|Publication year||1753 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 1162.xml +|
|Special status||Selected by author to be illustrated +, Weedy + and Introduced +|
|Synonyms||Adonis autumnalis +|
|Taxon family||Ranunculaceae +|
|Taxon name||Adonis annua +|
|Taxon parent||Adonis +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|