Aira caryophyllea var. caryophyllea

Common names: Silver hairgrass
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 616.
Pedicels 0.9-7 mm, usually 1-2 times as long as the spikelets, gradually thickening to the apices. Spikelets 2-3.3(3.5) mm, usually appressed to the secondary branches, silvery-green to stramineous; rachillas not prolonged. Glumes 2-3.3(3.5) mm, subequal, 1-veined or the upper glumes with 2 lateral veins, these sometimes obscure and usually less than 1/2 the length of the glumes, acute; lower lemmas 2-2.4 mm, apices bifid, teeth 0.2-0.4 mm, awned, awns 2.4-3.5 mm, geniculate; lower paleas 1.5-1.7 mm; upper lemmas 2-2.6 mm, apices bifid, teeth 0.2-0.3 mm, awned, awns 2.5-3.9 mm; upper paleas 1.4-1.7 mm; anthers 0.2-0.5 mm, yellow to orange. Caryopses 1.4-1.5 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm wide, glabrous.


Wash., Del., D.C, Conn., Mass., N.Y., Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Fla., Wyo., N.H., N.J., Tex., La., B.C., N.S., Yukon, Tenn., N.C., S.C., Pa., Calif., Va., Alaska, Ala., Miss., Ark., Vt., Ill., Ga., Ind., Okla., Idaho, Md., Ohio, Mo., Oreg.


Aira caryophyllea var. caryophyllea is native to the Mediterranean region. It usually grows in dry, sandy to rocky soil and on rock outcrops, in open and disturbed sites in woods, grassy flats, pastures, paths, and roadsides; it is occasionally found in damp ground at swamp or lagoon margins.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorJ.K. Wipff +
Authorityunknown +
Common nameSilver hairgrass +
DistributionWash. +, Del. +, D.C +, Conn. +, Mass. +, N.Y. +, Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +, Fla. +, Wyo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, Tex. +, La. +, B.C. +, N.S. +, Yukon +, Tenn. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Pa. +, Calif. +, Va. +, Alaska +, Ala. +, Miss. +, Ark. +, Vt. +, Ill. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Okla. +, Idaho +, Md. +, Ohio +, Mo. + and Oreg. +
IllustratorLinda A. Vorobik and Hana Pazdírková +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V24/V24 876.xml +
SynonymsGramineae +
Taxon familyPoaceae +
Taxon nameAira caryophyllea var. caryophyllea +
Taxon parentAira caryophyllea +
Taxon rankvariety +
VolumeVolume 24 +