Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 54. 1790
Phenology: Flowering early spring.
Habitat: Stream banks, moist flood plains, damp depressions, borders of wetlands
Elevation: 0–200 m
Ont., Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Wis., Europe.
Alnus glutinosa is cultivated as an ornamental tree throughout eastern North America and is available in a variety of cultivars, including cut-leafed and compact-branching forms. This species has also been used extensively to control erosion and improve the soil on recently cleared or unstable substrates, such as sand dunes and mine spoils. It has escaped and become widely naturalized throughout the temperate Northeast, occasionally becoming a weedy pest. In Europe the black alder has served for many centuries as an important source of hardwood for timbers and carved items, including wooden shoes.
Alnus glutinosa has been called A. vulgaris Hill in some older literature; that name was not validly published.
|Author||John J. Furlow +|
|Authority||(Linnaeus) Gaertner +|
|Basionyms||Betula alnus var. (a) +|
|Common name||Black alder + and European alder +|
|Distribution||Ont. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Wis. + and Europe. +|
|Elevation||0–200 m +|
|Habitat||Stream banks, moist flood plains, damp depressions, borders of wetlands +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering early spring. +|
|Publication title||Fruct. Sem. Pl. +|
|Publication year||1790 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 733.xml +|
|Special status||Weedy +|
|Taxon family||Betulaceae +|
|Taxon name||Alnus glutinosa +|
|Taxon parent||Alnus +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|