Mém. Acad. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 162. 1833
Phenology: Flowering early spring.
Habitat: Stream banks, moist flood plains, lake shores, wet slopes, and sandy, open coasts
Elevation: 0–300 m
B.C., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Oreg., Wash.
Alnus rubra is the largest alder in North America north of Mexico; it often forms extensive stands along streams and on low-lying flood plains in the Pacific Northwest. The strongly revolute margins of its leaf blades make it easily distinguished from all of the other alders in the flora. It is an important commercial tree; the wood is used to make inexpensive furniture, small wooden items, and paper pulp.
Native Americans used various parts of plants of Alnus rubra medicinally as a purgative, an emetic, for aching bones, headaches, coughs, biliousness, stomach problems, scrofula sores, tuberculosis, asthma, and eczema, and as a general panacea (D. E. Moerman 1986).
|Author||John J. Furlow +|
|Common name||Red alder + and Oregon alder +|
|Distribution||B.C. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Oreg. + and Wash. +|
|Elevation||0–300 m +|
|Habitat||Stream banks, moist flood plains, lake shores, wet slopes, and sandy, open coasts +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering early spring. +|
|Publication title||Mém. Acad. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. +|
|Publication year||1833 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 6.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic +, Selected by author to be illustrated + and Weedy +|
|Synonyms||Alnus oregona + and Alnus rubra var. pinnatisecta +|
|Taxon family||Betulaceae +|
|Taxon name||Alnus rubra +|
|Taxon parent||Alnus +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|