familyAloaceae
genusAloe

Aloe

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 319. 1753

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 150. 1754

Common names: Aloe
Etymology: Arabic alloeh, a name for these or similar plants
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 410.
Plants succulent, shrubby or arborescent, scapose. Stems erect, clambering or ascending, branched or not. Leaves succulent, crowded, often rosulate or distichous; blade margins spiny-toothed or entire. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, paniculate to more often racemose, dense, bracteate. Flowers usually nodding; perianth red to yellow; tepals connate basally to almost entirely into tube; stamens 3 or 6; style slender; pedicel not articulate. Capsules papery to woody. x = 7.

Distribution

primarily s and tropical Africa, also Madagascar, Arabian peninsula, and Atlantic islands (Madeira, Canary, and Cape Verde), naturalized in the Mediterranean region, India, and China.

Discussion

Species 300 or more (2 in the flora).

Aloe saponaria (Aiton) Haworth, distinguished by its yellow sap and glaucous red flowers with yellow throats, is cultivated in the southwestern United States and has been observed to escape. Apparently it persists only when supplementary water is available.

Key

1 Perianth yellow; inflorescences unbranched or rarely branched; leaf blade margins green. Aloe vera
1 Perianth red; inflorescences divided distally into 5–10 arching branches; leaf blade margins narrowly whitish. Aloe × schonlandii
Facts about "Aloe"
AuthorWalter C. Holmes + and Heather L. White +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameAloe +
Distributionprimarily s and tropical Africa +, also Madagascar +, Arabian peninsula +, and Atlantic islands (Madeira +, Canary +, and Cape Verde) +, naturalized in the Mediterranean region +, India + and and China. +
EtymologyArabic alloeh, a name for these or similar plants +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBee F. Gunn +
Introducedtrue +
Publication titleSp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +
Publication year1753 + and 1754 +
Referencemoran1992b + and reynolds1982a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V26/V26 845.xml +
Taxon familyAloaceae +
Taxon nameAloe +
Taxon parentAloaceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 26 +