Alopecurus saccatus

Common names: Pacific meadow foxtail
Synonyms: Alopecurus howellii
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 786.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Cindy Roché

Copyright: Utah State University

Plants annual; tufted. Culms 12-45 cm, erect or decumbent. Ligules 1.5-5.5 mm, obtuse; blades 4-12 cm long, 1.2-4 mm wide; upper sheaths conspicuously inflated. Panicles 1.5-6.5 cm long, 5.5-13 mm wide, often dense. Glumes 3-5 mm, connate at the base, not dilated, membranous, pubescent, keels not winged, veins ciliate, apices obtuse; lemmas 3-5 mm, connate in the lower 1/3-1/2, glabrous, apices obtuse, awns 6-10 mm, geniculate, exceeding the lemmas by 3-6 mm; anthers 0.7-1.8 mm, yellow to rusty brown. Caryopses 1.5-2 mm. 2n = unknown.


Calif., Idaho, Wash., Oreg.


Alopecurus saccatus is a native annual that inhabits moist, open meadows, valley plains, and vernal pools, at elevations below 700 m, from Washington to California. Segregates have been treated as species in the past, but the variation between them appears to be continuous, and no habitat differentiation is evident.

Selected References


Lower Taxa