Med. Repos., hexade 2, 5: 360. 1808
Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Maritime sand dunes, beaches, mostly on foredunes and at high tide level
Elevation: 0-10 m
Conn., Del., Md., Mass., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va.
Of conservation concern.
Amaranthus pumilus is a globally and federally threatened species (Global Heritage Status Rank G2; National Heritage Status Rank N2) originally restricted to dunes and barrier island beaches along the Atlantic Ocean from southern Massachusetts to South Carolina. It has been eliminated from two-thirds of its former range, being last reported from Massachusetts in 1849, from Rhode Island in 1856, from New Jersey in 1913, and from Virginia in 1972 (S. Ramsey et al. 2000). As of fall 2003, extant populations are known only from Long Island, New York, Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, and South Carolia. Many threats exist, including construction of sea walls and dune fencing, development, heavy recreational use, and off-road vehicle traffic. It is difficult to afford protection because of the dynamic nature of the habitat and the fugitive nature of the biology of the species. “Fugitive” refers to the fact that the species does not necessarily occur throughout its potential range at any given time (S. E. Clemants 1992).
Amaranthus pumilus is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.
|Author||Sergei L. Mosyakin + and Kenneth R. Robertson +|
|Basionyms||Undefined subg. Albersia +|
|Common name||Seabeach amaranth + and coast amaranth +|
|Distribution||Conn. +, Del. +, Md. +, Mass. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. + and Va. +|
|Elevation||0-10 m +|
|Habitat||Maritime sand dunes, beaches, mostly on foredunes and at high tide level +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Phenology||Flowering summer–fall. +|
|Publication title||Med. Repos., hexade +|
|Publication year||1808 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V4/V4 840.xml +|
|Synonyms||Acanthochiton +, Acnida +, Albersia +, Amblogyna +, Euxolus +, Mengea +, Sarratia + and Scleropus +|
|Taxon family||Amaranthaceae +|
|Taxon name||Amaranthus pumilus +|
|Taxon parent||Amaranthus subg. Albersia +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 4 +|