Anemone deltoidea


Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 6. 1829

Common names: Columbia windflower western white anemone
EndemicSelected by author to be illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: John Myers
Aerial shoots (7.5-)10-30 cm, from rhizomes, rhizomes horizontal. Basal leaves 0-2, ternate; petiole 10-15 cm; terminal leaflet sessile, ovate to rhombic, (2.5-)3-5(-6) × (2-)2.5-3.5 cm, base slightly oblique to broadly cuneate, margins crenate to serrate on distal 2/3, apex acuminate, surfaces abaxially glabrous, rarely puberulous on veins, adaxially usually glabrous; lateral leaflets unlobed, rarely 1×-lobed; ultimate lobes (8-)10-20 mm wide. Inflorescences 1-flowered; peduncle sparsely hispid or glabrous; involucral bracts 3, 1-tiered, simple, ±similar to terminal leaflets of basal leaves, ovate, rarely rhombic, (2.5-)4-8 cm, bases distinct, broadly cuneate, margins crenate to serrate, or dentate on distal 2/3, apex acuminate, surfaces usually glabrous; lateral leaves unlobed or occasionally 1×-lobed; ultimate lobes 8-15 mm wide. Flowers: sepals usually 5, white, ovate to obovate, rarely oblanceolate, (12-)15-25 × (8-)10-15(-20) mm, glabrous; stamens 100-120. Heads of achenes spheric; pedicel (5-)7-12 cm. Achenes: body ovoid, swollen, 2.5-4 × 2-3 mm, not winged, proximally hispid, distally glabrous; beak straight to subulate, 0.5 mm or less, glabrous. 2n=14.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul).
Habitat: Open to deep woods
Elevation: 200-2000 m


V3 875-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Oreg., Wash.


Reports of Anemone deltoidea in British Columbia are erroneous (H.J. Scoggan 1978-1979, vol. 3).

Rhizomes 7m long and about 2 mm in diameter have been observed in Anemone deltoidea.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Anemone deltoidea"
AuthorityHooker +
Common nameColumbia windflower + and western white anemone +
DistributionCalif. +, Oreg. + and Wash. +
Elevation200-2000 m +
HabitatOpen to deep woods +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul). +
Publication titleFl. Bor.-Amer. +
Publication year1829 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 875.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Selected by author to be illustrated +
SynonymsAnemonastrum +, Anemonidium +, Anemonoides +, Hepatica +, Jurtsevia + and Pulsatilla +
Taxon familyRanunculaceae +
Taxon nameAnemone deltoidea +
Taxon parentAnemone +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +