Antennaria plantaginifolia

(Linnaeus) Hooker

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 330. 1834

Common names: Plantain-leaved pussytoes antennaire à feuilles de plantain
Basionyms: Gnaphalium plantaginifolium Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 850. 1753
Synonyms: Antennaria caroliniana Rydberg Antennaria decipiens Greene Antennaria denikeana B. Boivin Antennaria nemoralis Greene Antennaria pinetorum Greene Antennaria plantaginifolia var. petiolata (Fernald) A. Heller
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 400. Mentioned on page 390, 391, 394, 402, 404, 4.
Dioecious. Plants 6.5–20(–25) cm. Stolons 2.5–7.5 cm (mostly ascending when young). Basal leaves (petiolate) 3–5(–7)-nerved, obovate to suborbiculate, 35–75 × 15–35 mm, tips minutely mucronate, abaxially tomentose, adaxially green-glabrescent to gray-pubescent. Cauline leaves linear, 6.5–35 mm, distal flagged. Heads 4–17(–30) in tight corymbiform arrays. Involucres: staminate 5–7(–8) mm; pistillate 5–7 mm. Phyllaries distally white. Corollas: staminate 2–3.5 mm; pistillate 3–4 mm. Cypselae 0.5–1.6 mm, slightly papillate; pappi: staminate 2.5–4 mm; pistillate 3.5–5.5 mm. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering mid–late spring.
Habitat: Dry, open, deciduous woodlands, tops of banks, ridges, and bluffs, sandstone formations, slopes in openings in woodlands
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V19-640-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., N.S., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Antennaria plantaginifolia is a diploid progenitor of the A. parlinii complex and is similar to that species except for smaller heads and adaxially gray-pubescent basal leaves (R. J. Bayer and G. L. Stebbins 1982; Bayer 1985b; Bayer and D. J. Crawford 1986). It is a diploid ancestor of the A. howellii complex. It is found in the Appalachian region; disjunct populations occur in the driftless area of Wisconsin and Minnesota (Bayer and Stebbins).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

AuthorRandall J. Bayer +
Authority(Linnaeus) Hooker +
BasionymsGnaphalium plantaginifolium +
Common namePlantain-leaved pussytoes + and antennaire à feuilles de plantain +
DistributionMan. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. + and Wis. +
Elevation0–1500 m +
HabitatDry, open, deciduous woodlands, tops of banks, ridges, and bluffs, sandstone formations, slopes in openings in woodlands +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
PhenologyFlowering mid–late spring. +
Publication titleFl. Bor.-Amer. +
Publication year1834 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 640.xml +
SynonymsAntennaria caroliniana +, Antennaria decipiens +, Antennaria denikeana +, Antennaria nemoralis +, Antennaria pinetorum + and Antennaria plantaginifolia var. petiolata +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameAntennaria plantaginifolia +
Taxon parentAntennaria +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 19 +