Anthoxanthum aristatum

Boiss.
Common names: Vernalgrass
Synonyms: Anthoxanthum puelii unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 759.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Plants annual. Culms 5-60 cm, often geniculate at the base, freely branched. Auricles to 0.5 mm, sometimes absent; ligules 1-2(3) mm, obtuse to acute; blades 0.8-6 cm long, 1-5 mm wide. Panicles 1-4 cm; lowermost branches 8-12(15) mm; pedicels 0.1-0.3 mm, pubescent. Spikelets (4)5-9 mm; lower glumes 3-5 mm; upper glumes 5-7 mm; sterile florets about 3 mm, awn of the first floret 3.5-5 mm, awn of the second floret 6-10 mm, exceeding the upper glumes by 2-3 mm; fertile florets about 2 mm; anthers 2, 2.8-4.1 mm. 2n = 10, 20,

Distribution

Wash., W.Va., N.J., N.Y., B.C., Que., Fla., N.H., Tex., La., Tenn., N.C., S.C., Pa., Va., Calif., Ala., Mass., Maine, Ark., Ill., Iowa, Okla., Ohio, Minn., Mich., Miss., Ky., Oreg.

Discussion

Anthoxanthum aristatum is native to Europe. It is now established but not common in the Flora region, being found in mesic to dry, open, disturbed habitats of western and eastern North America. North American plants belong to Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss. subsp. aristatum, which differs from Anthoxanthum aristatum subsp. macranthum Valdes in having well-exserted awns and deeply bifid, sterile lemmas.

Hitchcock (1951) stated that another annual species of Anthoxanthum, A. gracile Biv., is occasionally cultivated for dry bouquets, but it does not appear to be widely available at present. It differs from A. aristatum in having longer (10-12 mm) spikelets and simple or sparingly branched culms.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.