Armeria maritima subsp. californica

(Boissier) A. E. Porsild

Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada 135: 174. 1955.

Basionym: Armeria andina var. californica Boissier in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 682. 1848
Synonyms: Armeria arctica subsp. californica (Boissier) Abrams Armeria maritima var. californica (Boissier) G. H. M. Lawrence
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 605.

Leaf blades glabrous or hairy. Scapes glabrous. Inflorescences: sheath length usually 0.75 times diam. of flower head; outer involucral bracts almost equaling or exceeding flower head. Flowers monomorphic: stigmas papillate, pollen coarsely reticulate; calyx hairy on ribs. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering mid spring-mid summer.
Habitat: Maritime rocks, cliffs, sandy bluffs, sandy dunes
Elevation: 0-200 m


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B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash.


In northern Washington and on Vancouver Island, populations with hairy leaves have been called Armeria maritima var. purpurea (Koch) G. H. M. Lawrence, a dimorphic-flowered taxon from central Europe. The American monomorphic-flowered specimens thought to belong to var. purpurea are not distinct from subsp. californica, except for their hairy leaves. We include hairy-leaved specimens in subsp. californica.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Claude Lefèbvre +  and Xavier Vekemans +
(Boissier) A. E. Porsild +
Armeria andina var. californica +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0-200 m +
Maritime rocks, cliffs, sandy bluffs, sandy dunes +
Flowering mid spring-mid summer. +
Bull. Natl. Mus. Canada +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Armeria arctica subsp. californica +  and Armeria maritima var. californica +
Armeria maritima subsp. californica +
Armeria maritima +
subspecies +