Aronia melanocarpa

(Michaux) Elliott

Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 557. 1821

Common names: Black chokeberry
EndemicIllustrated
Basionyms: Mespilus arbutifolia var. melanocarpa Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 292. 1803
Synonyms: Aronia nigra (Willdenow) Koehne Photinia melanocarpa (Michaux) K. R. Robertson & J. B. Phipps Pyrus arbutifolia var. nigra Willdenow P. melanocarpa (Michaux) Willdenow Sorbus melanocarpa (Michaux) Hey nhold
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 446. Mentioned on page 438, 489.
Stems glabrous or glabrescent. Leaves pale green abaxially, dark green and shiny adaxially, becoming scarlet; blade 2.5–7 × 2.5–3.5 cm, apex subacute to acuminate or apiculate, surfaces glabrous or glabrescent, adaxial midrib stipitate-glandular. Flowers sweet-scented; hypanthium glabrous; sepal margins glabrous; anthers yellow to purplish red. Pomes black, glabrous, taste acid and bitter. 2n = 34, 68.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jun; fruiting Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Swamps, bogs, wet thickets, margins of ponds and lakes, beaver ponds, woods, moist high-elevation forests, rock outcrops
Elevation: 0–2000 m

Distribution

V9 752-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Aronia melanocarpa"
AuthorRichard J. Pankhurst† +
Authority(Michaux) Elliott +
BasionymsMespilus arbutifolia var. melanocarpa +
Common nameBlack chokeberry +
DistributionN.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. + and Wis. +
Elevation0–2000 m +
HabitatSwamps, bogs, wet thickets, margins of ponds and lakes, beaver ponds, woods, moist high-elevation forests, rock outcrops +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorMarjorie C. Leggitt +
PhenologyFlowering Mar–Jun + and fruiting Sep–Nov. +
Publication titleSketch Bot. S. Carolina +
Publication year1821 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V9/V9 752.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Illustrated +
SynonymsAronia nigra +, Photinia melanocarpa +, Pyrus arbutifolia var. nigra +, P. melanocarpa + and Sorbus melanocarpa +
Taxon familyRosaceae +
Taxon nameAronia melanocarpa +
Taxon parentAronia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 9 +