Asimina pygmaea

(W. Bartram) Dunal

Monogr. Anonac., 84, plate 10. 1817.

Common names: Gopher-berry dwarf pawpaw
Basionym: Annona pygmaea W. Bartram Travels Carolina, 18, plate 1. 1791
Synonyms: Asimina secundiflora Shuttleworth ex Exell Orchidocarpum pygmaeum (W. Bartram) Michaux Pityothamnus pygmaeus (W. Bartram) Small Porcelia pygmaea (W. Bartram) Persoon Uvaria pygmaea (W. Bartram) Torrey & A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Shrubs, low, 2-3(-5) dm. New shoots 1-several, sparingly branched or unbranched, arching, red-brown with sparse, appressed, red hairs, glabrate. Leaves: petiole 3-10mm. Leaf blade ascending along and above shoots, obovate or oblanceolate, rarely linear-elliptic, 4-7(-11) cm, leathery, base variously abruptly cuneate or narrowly rounded, margins revolute, apex rounded to obtuse or notched; surfaces abaxially and adaxially sparsely red-puberulent, glabrescent, abaxially pale, prominently reticulate. Inflorescences secund from axils of new shoot leaves, solitary flowers; peduncle slender, glabrate, 1.5-3(-4) cm; bracteoles 1-2, basal or 1 suprabasal, lance-oblong, less than 1cm, hairy. Flowers maroon, fetid, large; sepals ovate, 5-10 mm, glabrate; outer petals maroon or pink with maroon streaks, oblong to ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-3 cm, fleshy, margins revolute, apex spreading; inner petals erect, deep maroon, ovate-acute to lance-ovate, 1/3-2/3 length of outer petals, fleshier, base saccate, apex excurved, corrugate zone adaxially deep purple; pistils 2-5. Berries yellow-green, 3-4(-5) cm. Seeds shiny brown, ca. 1 cm.

Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Sandy peat of pine-palmetto flats, savannas, low sandy fields, and low sand ridges
Elevation: 0-100 m


Asimina pygmaea hybridizes with A. longifolia var. longifolia and A. reticulata, with backcrosses introducing various heights, larger and variously paler flowers, and degrees of fragrance grading from fetid in the maroon types to progressively more fragrant in the larger-flowered swarm components.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Asimina pygmaea"
Robert Kral +
(W. Bartram) Dunal +
Annona pygmaea +
Gopher-berry +  and dwarf pawpaw +
Fla. +  and Ga. +
0-100 m +
Sandy peat of pine-palmetto flats, savannas, low sandy fields, and low sand ridges +
Flowering spring–early summer. +
Monogr. Anonac., +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
Asimina secundiflora +, Orchidocarpum pygmaeum +, Pityothamnus pygmaeus +, Porcelia pygmaea +  and Uvaria pygmaea +
Asimina pygmaea +
species +