Baccharis angustifolia


Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 125. 1803

Common names: Saltwater false willow narrowleaf baccharis
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 26. Mentioned on page 24, 25, 28, 33.
Shrubs, 100–200(–400) cm (leafy, much branched, not broomlike). Stems erect to ascending, slender, striate, glabrous, resinous. Leaves present at flowering; sessile; blades (1-nerved) 20–60 × 1–2(–5) mm, ± succulent, bases narrowly attenuate, margins mostly entire, apices acute, faces glabrous, not gland-dotted. Heads (in groups of 3–5 near branch tips) in broad paniculiform arrays (of 100+). Involucres campanulate; staminate 3–4 mm, pistillate 3.5–5 mm. Phyllaries ovate to lanceolate, 1–4 mm, margins scarious, medians green, sometimes purplish, apices green to purplish, obtuse to acute. Staminate florets 15–20; corollas 2.5 mm. Pistillate florets 15–20; corollas ca. 3 mm. Cypselae 1–2 mm, 10-nerved, glabrous; pappi 6–8 mm.

Phenology: Flowering Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Coastal salt marshes, hammocks, dune hollows, stream banks
Elevation: 0–20 m



Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C.


Baccharis angustifolia is most commonly found in brackish, marshy areas near the coast of Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains. It is easily recognized by its 1-nerved, relatively narrow and fleshy, entire leaves, and the more or less pyramidal arrays of relatively small heads. Rarely, some specimens have slightly broader leaves with an occasional tooth, perhaps due to introgression with B. halimifolia.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorScott D. Sundberg† + and David J. Bogler +
AuthorityMichaux +
Common nameSaltwater false willow + and narrowleaf baccharis +
DistributionAla. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. + and S.C. +
Elevation0–20 m +
HabitatCoastal salt marshes, hammocks, dune hollows, stream banks +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
PhenologyFlowering Sep–Nov. +
Publication titleFl. Bor.-Amer. +
Publication year1803 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V20 9.xml +
SynonymsCompositae +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameBaccharis angustifolia +
Taxon parentBaccharis +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 20 +