Berberis nervosa

Pursh

Fl. Amer. Sept., 219. 1814

EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Berberis nervosa var. mendocinensis Roof Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nuttall Mahonia nervosa var. mendocinensis (Roof) Roof
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Shrubs, evergreen, 0.1-0.8(-2) m. Stems monomorphic, without short axillary shoots. Bark of 2d-year stems brown or yellow-brown, glabrous. Bud scales (13-)20-44 mm, persistent. Spines absent. Leaves 9-21-foliolate; petioles 2-11 cm. Leaflet blades thin and ± flexible; surfaces abaxially rather dull, smooth, adaxially dull, somewhat glaucous; terminal leaflet stalked, blade 2.9-8.4 × 1.2-4.8 cm, 1.8-3.2 times as long as wide; lateral leaflet blades lance-ovate to ovate, 4-6-veined from base, base rounded to cordate, margins plane, toothed, each with 6-13 teeth 1-2(-3) mm tipped with spines to 1-2.4 × 0.1-0.2 mm, apex acute or broadly acuminate. Inflorescences racemose, dense, 30-70-flowered, 6-17 cm; bracteoles membranous, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded. Flowers: anther filaments without distal pair of recurved lateral teeth. Berries blue, glaucous, oblong-ovoid or globose, 8-11 mm, juicy, solid. 2n = 56.

Phenology: Flowering winter–spring (Mar–Jun).
Habitat: Open or shaded woods, often in rocky areas
Elevation: 0-1800 m

Distribution

V3 479-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Calif., Idaho, Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Plants of Berberis nervosa are usually very low (commonly 0.1-0.3 m), but occasional plants may be considerably taller (to 2 m). One such population from north of Westport, California, has been separated as B. nervosa var. mendocinensis. Similar populations occur sporadically throughout the range of B. nervosa, so the form should not be recognized taxonomically.

Berberis nervosa is resistant to infection by Puccinia graminis.

The Skagit tribe used Berberis nervosa medicinally in a root preparation to treat venereal disease (D. E. Moermann 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Berberis nervosa"
AuthorAlan T. Whittemore +
AuthorityPursh +
BasionymsMahonia +
DistributionB.C. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Oreg. + and Wash. +
Elevation0-1800 m +
HabitatOpen or shaded woods, often in rocky areas +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering winter–spring (Mar–Jun). +
Publication titleFl. Amer. Sept., +
Publication year1814 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 479.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Illustrated +
SynonymsBerberis nervosa var. mendocinensis +, Mahonia nervosa + and Mahonia nervosa var. mendocinensis +
Taxon familyBerberidaceae +
Taxon nameBerberis nervosa +
Taxon parentBerberis +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +