Mant. Pl. 2: 152, 241. 1771

Common names: Water-fire
Etymology: For Peter J. Bergius, 1730–1790, Swedish botanist and physician, student of Linnaeus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 349. Mentioned on page 348.
Herbs [subshrubs], terrestrial [aquatic], glandular-pubescent. Stems ascending to prostrate, solid or pithy, not rooting at nodes [rooting at proximal nodes]. Leaves: stipules nearly membranous; petiole present; blade margins serrulate. Inflorescences usually cymes, rarely flowers solitary. Pedicels present. Flowers: sepals 5, distinct, equal, carinate, apex acuminate or acute; petals 5, apex acute; stamens (5 or 7–)10; pistil 5-carpellate; ovary 5-locular, apex ± acute; styles 5; stigmas 5. Capsules cartilaginous. Seeds 3–6[–10] per locule, brown, slightly curved, surface obscurely reticulate with rectangular pits. x = 6.


w, c United States, n Mexico, Asia, Africa, Australia, introduced in South America, warm-temperate and tropical regions.


Species ca. 25 (1 in the flora).

Bergia has its greatest diversity in Africa and Australia.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Facts about "Bergia"
AuthorGordon C. Tucker +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameWater-fire +
Distributionw +, c United States +, n Mexico +, Asia +, Africa +, Australia +, introduced in South America + and warm-temperate and tropical regions. +
EtymologyFor Peter J. Bergius, 1730–1790, Swedish botanist and physician, student of Linnaeus +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
Publication titleMant. Pl. +
Publication year1771 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V12/V12 649.xml +
Taxon familyElatinaceae +
Taxon nameBergia +
Taxon parentElatinaceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 12 +