Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Common names: Spinach chard Swiss cha rd mangel-wurzel sugar beet
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Mentioned on page 265, 266, 267.

Plants biennial; roots dark red, white, or yellow, moderately to strongly swollen, fleshy. Stems erect, distally branched, 60–120(–200) cm. Leaves: petiole 1/2–1/3 blade length; blade broadly lanceolate to cordate; basal leaf blade 10–20(–27) × 4.5–8(–18) cm; cauline leaves reduced proximally, blade rhombic to narrowly lanceolate. Cymes 2–8-flowered. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Sporadic in waste areas
Elevation: 0-300 m


V4 486-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ala., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Vt., Va., W.Va., s Europe, ruderal in South America and e Asia.


Subspecies vulgaris is valued as a source of sugar, a domestic vegetable, and food for livestock. Beets will grow in alkaline soils and tolerate arid conditions, making them an especially valuable crop in marginal lands. Aristotle referred to the use of red greens from beets ca. 350 b.c.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Leila M. Shultz +
Linnaeus +
Spinach chard +, Swiss cha rd +, mangel-wurzel +  and sugar beet +
Ala. +, Conn. +, Maine +, Mass. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, s Europe +  and ruderal in South America and e Asia. +
0-300 m +
Sporadic in waste areas +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris +
Beta vulgaris +
subspecies +