Boehmeria nivea

(Linnaeus) Gaudichaud Beaupré

Voy. Uranie 12: 499. 1830

Common names: Ramie
Basionyms: Urtica nivea Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 985. 1753
Synonyms: Ramium niveum (Linnaeus) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Shrubs or subshrubs, 2(-3) m. Leaves alternate. Leaf blades broadly ovate to nearly orbiculate, 8-15 × 5-12 cm, abaxial surface densely white-tomentose, adaxial surface slightly scabrous. Inflorescences panicles of moniliform (beaded) clusters, branches not leafy at apex; staminate flowers in proximal leaf axils, pistillate flowers in distil axils. Achenes compressed or lenticular, ovoid or ellipsoid, ca. 1.5 × ca. 0.9 mm, pubescent with straight or slightly curved hairs, uniformly smooth; seeds not conspicuous in outline, corky tissue absent.

Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Roadsides, waste places, vacant lots, cultivated fields, along Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains
Elevation: 0-200 m


V3 453-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., S.C., Tex., Va., Central America, Asia.


Boehmeria nivea, ramie, is an important source of fiber in Asia and was introduced into the United States in 1855 as a commercial crop. The fibers are exceptionally strong but difficult to extract.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Boehmeria nivea"
AuthorDavid E. Boufford +
Authority(Linnaeus) Gaudichaud Beaupré +
BasionymsUrtica nivea +
Common nameRamie +
DistributionAla. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Central America + and Asia. +
Elevation0-200 m +
HabitatRoadsides, waste places, vacant lots, cultivated fields, along Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering late summer–fall. +
Publication titleVoy. Uranie +
Publication year1830 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 453.xml +
Special statusIntroduced +
SynonymsRamium niveum +
Taxon familyUrticaceae +
Taxon nameBoehmeria nivea +
Taxon parentBoehmeria +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +