Bulbostylis capillaris

(Linnaeus) C. B. Clarke in J. D. Hooker
in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 652. 1893.
Common names: Bulbostyle capillaire
Illustrated
Basionym: Scirpus capillaris Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 49. 1753
Synonyms: Bulbostylis capillaris var. crebra Fernald Bulbostylis capillaris var. isopoda Fernald Fimbristylis capillaris (Linnaeus) Roemer & Schultes Isolepis brachyphylla Steudel Isolepis capillaris Link Isolepis radiciflora Sprengel Scirpus brachyiphyllus (Linnaeus) Britton Scirpus muhlenbergii Stenophyllus capillaris
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 136. Mentioned on page 132, 135.

Herbs, annual, cespitose. Culms to 30 cm, bases soft. Leaves spreading to ascending, ¼–1/3 length of scapes; sheath borders tan, backs prominently ribbed, glabrous; blades filiform, 0.5 mm wide, involute, margins ciliate-scabrid, surface glabrous. Inflorescences solitary or more commonly in simple, open, rarely compact, involucrate anthelae; scapes filiform (rarely with several spikelets sessile or subsessile at plant base), prominently ribbed, glabrous; proximalmost involucral bract cuspidate or setaceous bladed, exceeding or exceeded by inflorescence. Spikelets red-brown, ovoid to lanceoloid, 3–5 mm; fertile scales ovate, 1.5–2 mm, apex acute, glabrous or distally puberulent, keel prominent, short-excurrent. Flowers: stamens (1–)2; anthers oblong-elliptic, 0.5–0.7 mm. Achenes yellowish to pale brown, trigonous-obovoid, 1 mm, faces rugose. 2n = 84.


Phenology: Fruiting summer–fall.
Habitat: Sandy savanna, prairie, arenaceous outcrops, sandy or gravelly waste areas
Elevation: 0–3000 m

Distribution

V23 215-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Pacific Islands.

Discussion

A specimen of Bulbostylis capillaris collected by E. Hall (585) gives Oregon without a specific locality.

Bulbostylis capillaris is distributed over a broad range of physiographic types and occurs in many forms, the most distinctive of ours being var. crebra, which has, in addition to numerous longscaped anthelae, large numbers of spikelets at the plant base.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Bulbostylis capillaris"
Robert Kral +
(Linnaeus) C. B. Clarke in J. D. Hooker +
Scirpus capillaris +
Bulbostyle capillaire +
N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +  and Pacific Islands. +
0–3000 m +
Sandy savanna, prairie, arenaceous outcrops, sandy or gravelly waste areas +
Fruiting summer–fall. +
in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India +
Illustrated +
Bulbostylis capillaris var. crebra +, Bulbostylis capillaris var. isopoda +, Fimbristylis capillaris +, Isolepis brachyphylla +, Isolepis capillaris +, Isolepis radiciflora +, Scirpus brachyiphyllus +, Scirpus muhlenbergii +  and Stenophyllus capillaris +
Bulbostylis capillaris +
Bulbostylis +
species +