Camassia scilloides

(Rafinesque) Cory
Rhodora 38: 405. 1936.
Common names: Eastern camas wild hyacinth
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Cyanotris scilloides Rafinesque Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 3: 356. 1818
Synonyms: Quamasia hyacinthina (Rafinesque) Britton Schoenolirion texanum (Scheele) A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 307. Mentioned on page 301, 303, 304, 314.

Bulbs sometimes clustered, ovoid, 1–3 cm diam. Leaves 3–8, 2–6 dm × 5–20 mm. Inflorescences 19–47 cm; sterile bracts 0–3(–5), bracts subtending flowers shorter than or equaling pedicel. Flowers actinomorphic; tepals usually withering separately after anthesis, not deciduous, light blue, occasionally whitish, each 3- or 5-veined, 7–15 × 2.6–4.2 mm; anthers bright yellow, 1.3–3.2 mm; fruiting pedicel mostly spreading to spreading-erect, 5–30 mm. Capsules deciduous, pale green to light brown, subglobose, 6–10 mm. Seeds 2–5 per locule. 2n = 30.


Phenology: Flowering mid–late spring.
Habitat: Prairies
Elevation: 100–1000 m

Distribution

V26 603-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Camassia scilloides flowers two to three weeks earlier than sympatric populations of C. angusta.

The name Schoenolirion texanum was long misapplied to a taxon now correctly known as S. wrightii Sherman.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Camassia scilloides"
Tom A. Ranker +  and Tim Hogan +
(Rafinesque) Cory +
Cyanotris scilloides +
Eastern camas +  and wild hyacinth +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
100–1000 m +
Prairies +
Flowering mid–late spring. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Quamasia hyacinthina +  and Schoenolirion texanum +
Camassia scilloides +
Camassia +
species +