Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 1: 17. 1762
Europe, Asia, n Africa, introduced also in South America, Australia.
Species 8 (4 in the flora).
Some authors have studied allelopathic and other effects of Camelina on the growth and production of flax, and the interested reader should consult I. A. Al-Shehbaz (1987) for leads. Some species, especially C. sativa, were cultivated for their fibers and seed oil by the Romans as early as 600 b.c., and remain in cultivation in some parts of eastern Europe and Russia.
Camelina alyssum and C. sativa may no longer be established in the United States.
|1||Fruits 3.5-7 mm, valves obscurely veined; seeds 0.8-1.5 mm; stems basally with simple trichomes (to 2.5-3.5 mm), these often mixed with branched ones||> 2|
|1||Fruits 7-13 mm, valves prominently veined; seeds (1.5-)1.8-3 mm; stems basally glabrous or trichomes almost exclusively minute and branched, rarely trichomes simple||> 3|
|2||Petals pale yellow, (2.5-)3-4(-6) mm; basal leaves withered by anthesis.||Camelina microcarpa|
|2||Petals white or creamy white, (5-)6-8(-9) mm; basal leaves persistent after anthesis.||Camelina rumelica|
|3||Fruits pyriform to broadly obovoid, 4-5(-6) mm wide, distinctly longer than wide; cauline leaf blade margins entire or denticulate.||Camelina sativa|
|3||Fruits depressed globose, (5.5-)6.5-8(-9) mm wide, nearly as long as wide or slightly longer; cauline leaf blade margins coarsely dentate to lobed.||Camelina alyssum|
|Author||Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz + and Mark A. Beilstein +|
|Common name||Flaxweed +, false-flax + and gold-of-pleasure +|
|Distribution||Europe +, Asia +, n Africa +, introduced also in South America + and Australia. +|
|Etymology||Greek chamai, dwarf or on the ground, and linon, flax, alluding to suppressing influence on growth of flax +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Publication title||Stirp. Austr. Fasc. +|
|Publication year||1762 +|
|Reference||mcgregor1985a + and tedin1925a +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V7/V7 686.xml +|
|Taxon family||Brassicaceae +|
|Taxon name||Camelina +|
|Taxon parent||Brassicaceae tribe Camelineae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 7 +|