Canbya

Parry ex A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 51, plate 1. 1876

Common names: Pygmy-poppy
Etymology: for William M. Canby, 1831-1904, Delaware botanist
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Herbs, annual, semiacaulescent, very small, glabrous, from taproots; sap clear. Stems branching at and just above ground level, leafy, branches short. Leaves alternate, congested in tufts, sessile; blade unlobed, linear-oblong, fleshy, margins entire. Inflorescences axillary, 1-flowered, much exceeding leaves; peduncle slender. Flowers: sepals 3, distinct; petals 5-7; stamens 6-15; pistil 3-4-carpellate; ovary ovoid, 1-locular; style absent; stigmas 3(-4), linear, radiate-recurved, appressed or adherent to ovary. Capsules erect, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, 3(-4)-valved, dehiscing from apex. Seeds many, brown, oblong-obovoid to ellipsoid, slightly arcuate, 0.6-0.8 mm, glossy, aril absent. x = 8.

Distribution

w United States.

Discussion

Species 2 (2 in the flora).

These diminutive (but handsome) desert endemics are among the smallest plants in the family. Little is known about their life histories, reproduction, ecological interactions, or evolutionary histories, and they merit more field and laboratory study.

References

None.

Key

1 Petals white, marcescent; filaments shorter than anthers. Canbya candida
1 Petals bright yellow, deciduous; filaments longer than anthers. Canbya aurea