Canella winterana

(Linnaeus) Gaertner
Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 373, plate 77, fig. 2. 1788.
Common names: Canella wild-cinnamon cinnamon-bark
Basionym: Laurus winteriana Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 371. 1753
Synonyms: Canella alba Murray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
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Illustrator: John Myers

Copyright: Flora of North America Association

Leaf blade 5-15 × 2-5cm, apex rounded or blunt; abaxial surface pellucid-dotted. Flowers ca. 7 mm diam., pedicel short; sepals green, 2-3 mm, fleshy; petals deep red to magenta, basally light red to yellow, 4.5-6 mm, thick and fleshy; anthers light red, becoming yellow at anthesis; stigma yellow. Seeds 1-5, black. 2n=28. [P. Goldblatt 1976]

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (mid-May–Jul).
Habitat: Coastal thickets, hammocks, commonly found on limestone or calcareous soils
Elevation: 0-3 m


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Fla., West Indies, ne South America.


Although flowers of Canella winteriana are bisexual and protogynous (with the gynoecium of each flower functionally mature before the androecium), they are functionally unisexual, because normally all flowers on a plant are at the same stage (either male or female) at any given time (T. K. Wilson 1986). Canella winteriana is locally abundant in some areas, but with the clearing and development of the Florida Keys, it is becoming less common except in protected areas, such as Everglades National Park. Nurseries in extreme southern Florida occasionally market canella. It is an attractive, small- to medium-sized, very slow-growing tree.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


... more about "Canella winterana"
Thomas K. Wilson +
(Linnaeus) Gaertner +
Laurus winteriana +
Canella +, wild-cinnamon +  and cinnamon-bark +
Fla. +, West Indies +  and ne South America. +
Coastal thickets, hammocks, commonly found on limestone or calcareous soils +
Flowering spring–summer (mid-May–Jul). +
Fruct. Sem. Pl. +
Illustrated +
Canella alba +
Canella winterana +
species +