Canella winterana

(Linnaeus) Gaertner

Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 373, plate 77, fig. 2. 1788

Common names: Canella wild-cinnamon cinnamon-bark
Basionyms: Laurus winteriana Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 371. 1753
Synonyms: Canella alba Murray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Leaf blade 5-15 × 2-5cm, apex rounded or blunt; abaxial surface pellucid-dotted. Flowers ca. 7 mm diam., pedicel short; sepals green, 2-3 mm, fleshy; petals deep red to magenta, basally light red to yellow, 4.5-6 mm, thick and fleshy; anthers light red, becoming yellow at anthesis; stigma yellow. Seeds 1-5, black. 2n=28. [P. Goldblatt 1976]

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (mid-May–Jul).
Habitat: Coastal thickets, hammocks, commonly found on limestone or calcareous soils
Elevation: 0-3 m


V3 866-distribution-map.gif

Fla., West Indies, ne South America.


Although flowers of Canella winteriana are bisexual and protogynous (with the gynoecium of each flower functionally mature before the androecium), they are functionally unisexual, because normally all flowers on a plant are at the same stage (either male or female) at any given time (T. K. Wilson 1986). Canella winteriana is locally abundant in some areas, but with the clearing and development of the Florida Keys, it is becoming less common except in protected areas, such as Everglades National Park. Nurseries in extreme southern Florida occasionally market canella. It is an attractive, small- to medium-sized, very slow-growing tree.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Canella winterana"
AuthorThomas K. Wilson +
Authority(Linnaeus) Gaertner +
BasionymsLaurus winteriana +
Common nameCanella +, wild-cinnamon + and cinnamon-bark +
DistributionFla. +, West Indies + and ne South America. +
Elevation0-3 m +
HabitatCoastal thickets, hammocks, commonly found on limestone or calcareous soils +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer (mid-May–Jul). +
Publication titleFruct. Sem. Pl. +
Publication year1788 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 866.xml +
Special statusIllustrated +
SynonymsCanella alba +
Taxon familyCanellaceae +
Taxon nameCanella winterana +
Taxon parentCanella +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +