Carex gynandra

Schweinitz

Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 70. 1824

Common names: Carex gynandre
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Carex crinita var. gynandra (Schweinitz) Schweinitz & Torrey Carex crinita var. simulans Fernald Carex gynandra var. simulans (Fernald) Rolland-Germain
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 387. Mentioned on page 380, 386, 486.

Plants cespitose. Culms acutely angled, 45–140 cm, scabrous. Leaves: basal sheaths red-brown or brown; sheaths of proximal leaves bladeless, scabrous, fronts red-brown to copper-brown, spots absent, indistinctly ladder-fibrillose; blades 12–55 cm × 4–10.5 mm. Inflorescences: peduncle of proximal spike 0.6–6.1 cm; proximal bract longer than inflorescence, 1.9–9.5 mm wide. Spikes 2–5 pistillate, 1–3 staminate, pendent; proximal pistillate spike 2.4–10.4 cm × 3–8.4 mm, base cuneate to acuminate. Pistillate scales pale brown to copper-brown, 3.1–8.2 mm (including awn), midvein reaching apex, apex of body acuminate or, rarely, truncate, awned. Perigynia ascending, pale brown, 0–5-veined abaxially, scarcely inflated, loosely enclosing achenes, ovoid to ellipsoid, 1.9–4.2 × 1.1–2.3 mm, dull, apex acute or obtuse, glabrous; beak 0.1–0.3 mm. Achenes variously constricted. 2n = 66, 68.


Phenology: Fruiting Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Swamps, floodplain forests, wet meadows, marshes, bogs, stream edges, margins of lakes and ponds, roadside ditches
Elevation: 0–2100 m

Distribution

V23 684-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquelon, N.B., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Ga., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex gynandra"
Lisa A. Standley +, Jacques Cayouette +  and Leo Bruederle +
Schweinitz +
Carex gynandre +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–2100 m +
Swamps, floodplain forests, wet meadows, marshes, bogs, stream edges, margins of lakes and ponds, roadside ditches +
Fruiting Jun–Aug. +
Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Carex crinita var. gynandra +, Carex crinita var. simulans +  and Carex gynandra var. simulans +
Carex gynandra +
Carex sect. Phacocystis +
species +