Carex holostoma


Naturhist. Tidsskr. 3: 447. 1841.

Common names: Carex à bec entier
Synonyms: Carex alpina var. holostoma (Drejer) L. H. Bailey
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 408. Mentioned on page 402, 407.

Plants loosely cespitose, long-rhizomatous. Culms 10–30 cm, distally finely scabrous. Leaves 1.5–3 mm wide. Inflorescences: proximal bract shorter than or equaling inflorescences; spikes contiguous, overlapping, short-oblong or cylindric, 3–8 × 2–2.5 mm; proximal spikes sometimes erect, distinct, separate, short-pendunculate; lateral 1–2(–3) spikes pistillate, of similar length; terminal spike staminate, spikes can be hidden by larger, overtopping lateral spikes. Pistillate scales dark brown or black, margins hyaline, ovate, shorter or equaling, as broad as perigynia, midvein lighter colored than body, conspicuous, sometimes raised, prominent, mucronate. Perigynia ascending, brown, obscurely veined, elliptic or obovate, 2–2.5 × 1.25–1.75 mm, apex beakless or abruptly beaked, papillose; beak to 0.2 mm, truncate, smooth. Achenes nearly filling body of perigynia. 2n = 60.

Phenology: Fruiting Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Lakeshores, meadows, fens, bogs
Elevation: 0–500 m


V23 734-distribution-map.jpg

Greenland, Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Que., Yukon, Alaska, arctic Eurasia.


Carex holostoma has most likely been overlooked and has a more continuous range than indicated.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Carex holostoma"
David F. Murray +
Drejer +
Carex à bec entier +
Greenland +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Que. +, Yukon +, Alaska +  and arctic Eurasia. +
0–500 m +
Lakeshores, meadows, fens, bogs +
Fruiting Jul–Sep. +
Naturhist. Tidsskr. +
Illustrated +
Carex alpina var. holostoma +
Carex holostoma +
Carex sect. Racemosae +
species +