Sp. Pl. 2: 830. 1753
Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 361. 1754
Common names: Distaff thistle
Etymology: Arabic qartam, safflower
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 178. Mentioned on page 52, 67, 83.
Annuals or perennials, 30–180 cm, herbage glabrous to ± glandular and/or ± tomentose. Stems usually erect, branched distally or throughout, (leafy). Leaves basal and cauline or all cauline; basal and proximal cauline winged-petiolate, distal cauline sessile, sometimes clasping; blade margins dentate to pinnately lobed, ± spiny, faces glabrous or ± glandlar and/or ± tomentose. Heads discoid, borne singly or in few-headed cymiform arrays. Involucres ovoid, constricted distally. Phyllaries many in 4–5 series, linear to ovate (at least outer ± leaflike), bases appressed, apical appendages more herbaceous, prominently veiny, spiny-dentate or -lobed, spine-tipped. Receptacles convex to conic, epaleate, bearing subulate scales. Florets 15–60+; corollas yellow to red or ± purple, tubes very slender, throats gradually or abruptly expanded, ± cylindric or short-campanulate, lobes linear; anther bases short-tailed, apical appendages oblong; style branches: fused portions with slightly swollen basal nodes minutely hairy, distally minutely papillate, distinct portions very short. Cypselae oblong to obpyramidal, ± 4-angled, apices with smooth or dentate rims, faces usually ± roughened (outer) or smooth (inner), glabrous, attachment scars lateral; pappi 0 or (usually only inner cypselae) ± persistent, of many, usually unequal, narrow scales overlapping in several series. x = 10, 12.
United States, Mediterranean region.
Species 14 (4 in the flora).
|1||Corollas pink or pale purple; cauline leaves ± deeply lobed||Carthamus leucocaulos|
|1||Corollas yellow to red; cauline leaves toothed to deeply lobed||> 2|
|2||Cauline leaves toothed, otherwise undivided, weakly spiny; corollas yellow to red; cypselae white||Carthamus tinctorius|
|2||Cauline leaves ± divided, very spiny; corollas yellow; cypselae brown||> 3|
|3||Anthers yellow, pollen yellow; corollas bright yellow; outer phyllaries usually not more than 1.5 times as long as inner; herbage ± cobwebby; stems stramineous.||Carthamus lanatus|
|3||Anthers white with purple lines, pollen white; corollas pale yellow; outer phyllaries usually 2 times as long as inner; herbage ± sparsely hairy; stems white or stramineous||Carthamus creticus|
Facts about "Carthamus"
|Author||David J. Keil +|
|Basionyms||Asteraceae tribe Cynareae +|
|Common name||Distaff thistle +|
|Distribution||United States + and Mediterranean region. +|
|Etymology||Arabic qartam, safflower +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +|
|Publication year||1753 + and 1754 +|
|Reference||ashri1959a +, ashri1960a +, hanelt1963a +, hanelt1976a +, khidir1970a + and khidir1970b +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 200.xml +|
|Taxon family||Asteraceae +|
|Taxon name||Carthamus +|
|Taxon parent||Asteraceae tribe Cardueae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 19 +|