Cerastium semidecandrum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 438. 1753

Common names: Five-stamen mouse-ear chickweed
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 90. Mentioned on page 75, 83, 89.
Plants annual, with slender taproot. Stems erect or ascending, branching at base, 1–20 cm, viscid, covered with short, dense, glandular and eglandular hairs; short axillary tufts of leaves absent. Leaves not marcescent, sessile but proximal leaves often spatulate; blade 5–18 × 2–5 mm, covered with short, white hairs; basal leaves with blade narrowly oblanceolate and ± spatulate, apex obtuse; cauline with blades ovate to elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences open, 3–30-flowered cymes; bracts lanceolate, with broad, scarious margins, glandular-pubescent. Pedicels curved at apex, often sharply angled at base, 3–8(–12) mm, 1–3 times as long as capsule, densely glandular-pubescent and viscid. Flowers: sepals narrowly lanceolate, 3–5 mm, margins broad, apex acute, glandular-pubescent; petals with unbranched veins, oblanceolate, 2–3 mm, shorter than sepals, apex notched; stamens 5; styles 5. Capsules cylindric, slightly curved, 4.5–6.5 mm, 1.5–2 times as long as sepals; teeth 10, erect, margins convolute. Seeds pale yellowish brown, 0.4–0.6 mm, finely tuberculate; testa not inflated. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Common weed in dry, sandy, and gravelly places, roadsides and footpaths, parking lots, dunes
Elevation: 0-300 m

Distribution

V5 186-distribution-map.gif

B.C., N.S., Ont., Ark., Conn., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Kans., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Wash., Wis., Eurasia.

Discussion

The very broad, scarious margins of the sepals and bracts distinguish this small, ephemeral species.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

AuthorJohn K. Morton +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameFive-stamen mouse-ear chickweed +
DistributionB.C. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Wash. +, Wis. + and Eurasia. +
Elevation0-300 m +
HabitatCommon weed in dry, sandy, and gravelly places, roadsides and footpaths, parking lots, dunes +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering spring. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 186.xml +
Taxon familyCaryophyllaceae +
Taxon nameCerastium semidecandrum +
Taxon parentCerastium +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 5 +