Chaenactis sect. Acarphaea

(Harvey & A. Gray) A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 74. 1874

Basionyms: Undefined sect. Acarphaea Harvey & A. Gray Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 98. 1849
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 401. Mentioned on page 411.

Annuals; proximal indument predominantly ± farinose, not arachnoid. Stems usually 1, erect; branches mainly distal. Leaves: largest blades deltate to ± ovate [broadly elliptic], (2–)3–4-pinnately lobed, not gland-dotted. Heads discoid (mostly 3–20+ per stem). Peduncles ascending to erect. Phyllaries: outer acute to acuminate-aristate. Florets: corollas white to pinkish, actinomorphic, ± equal. Cypselae ± terete or compressed; pappi 0, coroniform (of ± 10 scales), or of 4(–5) [10–16] scales in 1 [2–3] series. x = 8.

Distribution

sw United States, nw Mexico.

Discussion

Species 3 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Phyllaries: apices (all or inner) usually reddish, acuminate, aristate, terete; receptacles: paleae (0–)3–10+ (± phyllary-like, apices visible among mature floret buds); leaves: ultimate lobes ± terete; cypselae ± terete; involucres mostly 5–10 mm diam Chaenactis carphoclinia
1 Phyllaries: apices (all) ± green, acute or scarcely acuminate, not aristate, ± plane; receptacles: paleae 0; leaves: ultimate lobes plane or involute; cypselae compressed; involucres mostly 10–25 mm diam > 2
2 Pappi 0 or coroniform (of ± 10 scales, longest 0.1–0.5 mm); involucres mostly 10–15 mm diam.; phyllaries ± densely villous, not or sparsely glandular Chaenactis artemisiifolia
2 Pappi of 10–16 scales in 2–3 subequal series, longest scales 4–6 mm; involucres mostly 20–25 mm diam.; phyllaries ± glandular, not or sparsely villous Chaenactis lacera (see 1 Chaenactis artemisiifolia)
James D. Morefield +
(Harvey & A. Gray) A. Gray +
Undefined sect. Acarphaea +
sw United States +  and nw Mexico. +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Bahiinae +  and Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Palafoxiinae +
Chaenactis sect. Acarphaea +
Chaenactis +
section +