Chelidonium

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 175

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 224. 1754

Common names: Celandine greater celandine rock-poppy swallowwort chélidoine
Etymology: Greek cheilidon, swallow (bird), perhaps from lore reported by Aristotle and others that mother swallows bathe eyes of their young with the sap
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Herbs, biennial or perennial, caulescent, from stout rhizomes or taproots; sap yellow to orange. Stems leafy. Leaves petiolate; basal rosulate, cauline alternate; blade 1-2× pinnately lobed. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, umbelliform, few flowered; bracts present. Flowers: sepals 2, distinct; petals 4; stamens ca. 12-many; pistil 2-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; style ± distinct; stigma 2-lobed. Capsules erect, 2-valved, dehiscing from base. Seeds few to many, arillate. x = 6.

Distribution

North America, Eurasia.

Discussion

Species 1

References

None.

Lower Taxa

Facts about "Chelidonium"
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameCelandine +, greater celandine +, rock-poppy +, swallowwort + and chélidoine +
DistributionNorth America + and Eurasia. +
EtymologyGreek cheilidon, swallow (bird), perhaps from lore reported by Aristotle and others that mother swallows bathe eyes of their young with the sap +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Publication titleSp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +
Publication year1754 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 634.xml +
Taxon familyPapaveraceae +
Taxon nameChelidonium +
Taxon parentPapaveraceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 3 +