Claopodium

(Lesquereux & James) Renauld & Cardot

Rev. Bryol. 20: 16. 1893

Etymology: Greek klao, break, and podion, little foot, apparently alluding to fragile setae
Basionyms: Hypnum subg. Claopodium Lesquereux & James Man., 317, 327. 1884
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 342. Mentioned on page 341, 648.

Plants small to medium-sized, in creeping mats, green to yellowish. Stems irregularly to regularly pinnate; paraphyllia absent or few, scalelike or squamiform, cells smooth or papillose; rhizoids often arising from base of leaves. Stem and branch leaves similar. Stem leaves crisped, incurved to slightly contorted when dry, erect and spreading when moist, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or lanceolate, not plicate; margins plane, serrate or entire, limbidium sometimes present; apex gradually or abruptly acuminate, hair-point present or absent; costa single, ending before apex, pellucid, straight distally; alar cells not differentiated; medial and distal laminal cells quadrate-hexagonal, oblong, or rhomboidal, finely and obscurely 1- or multipapillose over lumen, walls moderately thick. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition dioicous; perichaetial leaves pale translucent, longer, apex more acuminate. Seta to 2 cm. Capsule inclined to horizontal, oblong-oval, asymmetric; annulus present; operculum conic- to long-rostrate; peristome well developed; exostome teeth lanceolate, densely cross striate-papillose basally, papillose distally; endostome basal membrane high, segments slender, cilia long. Spores 9–21 µm, smooth or papillose.

Distribution

w North America, Mexico, w Europe, e Asia, Pacific Islands (Hawaii).

Discussion

Species 8 (4 in the flora).

Claopodium is a genus of small plants with creeping stems, short, papillose laminal cells, pellucid costa, and asymmetric brown capsules with a well-developed peristome. The leaves are broad at the base; the capsules have short necks, are constricted below the mouth when dry, and have bordered exostome teeth and nodose endostome cilia. The genus is somewhat heterogeneous, as C. whippleanum lacks hair-points and superficially is similar to Leskea. Recent phylogenetic work suggests that Claopodium is related to Anomodon (Anomodontaceae).

Key

1 Stem surface cells papillose; laminal cells multipapillose; leaf hair-points present Claopodium pellucinerve
1 Stem surface cells smooth; laminal cells 1- or multipapillose; leaf hair-points present or absent > 2
2 Leaf hair-points absent; laminal cells 1-papillose. Claopodium whippleanum
2 Leaf hair-points present; laminal cells 1- or multipapillose > 3
3 Laminal cells 1-papillose. Claopodium crispifolium
3 Laminal cells multipapillose. Claopodium bolanderi
... more about "Claopodium"
Judith A. Harpel +
(Lesquereux & James) Renauld & Cardot +
Hypnum subg. Claopodium +
w North America +, Mexico +, w Europe +, e Asia +  and Pacific Islands (Hawaii). +
Greek klao, break, and podion, little foot, apparently alluding to fragile setae +
Rev. Bryol. +
noguchi1964a +
Claopodium +
Leskeaceae +