Coix

L.
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25. Treatment on page 703.
Plants annual or perennial; monoecious, pistillate and staminate spikelets on separate rames in the same inflorescence. Culms to 3 m, erect, creeping, or floating, branched; internodes solid. Leaves not aromatic; ligules membranous. Inflorescences axillary, of 2(3) rames, 1 pistillate, the other(s) staminate, pistillate rames completely enclosed in indurate, globose to cylindric, modified leaf sheaths, termed involucres, from which the staminate rames protrude. Pistillate rames each with 3 spikelets, 1 sessile and pistillate, the other 2 pedicellate and rudimentary; sessile spikelets somewhat dorsally compressed; glumes coriaceous, beaked; stigmas protruding from the involucres. Caryopses more or less globose. Staminate rames flexible, exserted from the involucre; spikelets in pairs or triplets, 1 sessile, the other(s) pedicellate, reduced, or absent; lower glumes chartaceous, with 15 or more veins, 2-keeled, keels winged above; upper glumes similar, with 1 keel; lower florets sometimes sterile; upper florets staminate; stamens 0 or 3; lodicules 2. Pedicels not fused to the rame axes, x = 5.

Distribution

N.J., Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Pa., Tex., Ohio, La., Tenn., N.Y., Pacific Islands (Hawaii)

Discussion

Coix is a genus of about five species, one of which has been introduced into the Flora region. All the species are native to tropical Asia, where C. lacryma-jobi and, to a lesser extent, C. gigantea are harvested for food.

Lower Taxa

Facts about "Coix"
AuthorJohn W. Thieret +
AuthorityL. +
DistributionN.J. +, Puerto Rico +, Virgin Islands +, Pa. +, Tex. +, Ohio +, La. +, Tenn. +, N.Y. + and Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +
Referencejain1974a + and watt1904a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V25/V25 1670.xml +
SynonymsGramineae +
Taxon familyPoaceae +
Taxon nameCoix +
Taxon parentPoaceae tribe Andropogoneae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 25 +