Comandra umbellata subsp. californica

(Eastwood ex Rydberg) Piehl

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(1): 65. 1965.

Basionym: Comandra californica Eastwood ex Rydberg Fl. Rocky Mts. ed. 2, 1138. 1923
Synonyms: C. umbellata var. californica (Eastwood ex Rydberg) C. L. Hitchcock
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 411. Mentioned on page 409.

Subshrubs, 15–40 cm. Rhizomes: cortex blue, drying blackish. Aerial stems often much branched; proximal portions overwintering. Leaves: blade light green to bluish or grayish green, slightly paler abaxially, glaucous, broadly elliptic, ovate, lanceolate, or linear, 1.7–5.3 cm, thin, becoming ± succulent, base acute to attenuate, margins rarely revolute, apex acute, often apiculate; midrib and lateral veins apparent and somewhat protruding on abaxial surface. Pedicels 0–2.5 mm. Flowers funnel-shaped to rotate; petals lanceolate, lanceolate-oblong, or ovate, 2–3.5 mm; anthers 0.6 mm. Pseudodrupes brown, not glaucous, subglobose, 5–7.5 mm, smooth.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jul.
Habitat: Dry places, mountains, foothills, open conifer forests, oak woodlands, chaparral margins.
Elevation: 300–3000 m.


V12 457-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Ariz., Calif., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Wash.


Subspecies californica is frequent in the Sierra Nevada of California and east of the Cascade range in Oregon and Washington; it is found also on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. In Arizona, this subspecies is restricted to high elevations such as the Santa Catalina Mountains. Intergradation with subsp. pallida occurs over wide areas of Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Daniel L. Nickrent +
(Eastwood ex Rydberg) Piehl +
Comandra californica +
B.C. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
300–3000 m. +
Dry places, mountains, foothills, open conifer forests, oak woodlands, chaparral margins. +
Flowering Mar–Jul. +
Mem. Torrey Bot. Club +
C. umbellata var. californica +
Comandra umbellata subsp. californica +
Comandra umbellata +
subspecies +