North America, Mexico, Eurasia.
Genera 2, species 2 (2 in the flora).
Comandraceae have not been recognized at the family rank in past classifications, although Comandra was placed in its own invalidly published tribe Comandreae by P. van Tieghem (1896). Comandra and Geocaulon have a suite of generalized morphological features that can be found in many other genera of Santalaceae in the broad sense. Despite this, Comandra has a number of distinctive embryological features (B. M. Johri and S. P. Bhatnagar 1960; M. Ram 1957). A molecular phylogenetic analysis recovered a strongly supported Comandra and Geocaulon clade, which was recognized as a family by D. L. Nickrent et al. (2010). That clade was placed in a polytomy with other Santalaceae in the broad sense in that study. Comandra and Geocaulon are clearly closely related as revealed by molecular studies; however, M. L. Fernald (1928e) made a good case for maintaining them as separate genera. They differ in a number of features involving the rhizome, plant sex, hypanthium, disc shape, style length, and fruit type.
|1||Inflorescences terminal thyrses; flowers bisexual; hypanthia free distally, obconic; nectaries lining hypanthium; styles filiform; pseudodrupe exocarps leathery.||Comandra|
|1||Inflorescences axillary cymules; flowers bisexual and staminate (plants andromonoecious); hypanthia completely adnate to ovaries; nectaries nearly flat; styles short-conic; pseudodrupe exocarps fleshy.||Geocaulon|
|Author||Daniel L. Nickrent +|
|Authority||Nickrent & Der +|
|Common name||Bastard Toadflax Family +|
|Distribution||North America +, Mexico + and Eurasia. +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V12/V12 840.xml +|
|Taxon family||Comandraceae +|
|Taxon name||Comandraceae +|
|Taxon rank||family +|
|Volume||Volume 12 +|