Sp. Pl. 1: 291. 1753.
Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 141. 1754.
Herbs, perennial, scapose, from bulbs with elongate columnar apices. Leaves basal, thick; blade lorate or ensiform, not narrowed near base. Scape solid. Inflorescences umbellate, few- to many-flowered, subtended by 2 large, lanceolate, scarious bracts. Flowers sessile or pedicellate; perianth connate proximally, red to white, often striped, streaked, or overlaid with red abaxially, funnelform to salverform to semicampanulate, tube straight to curved, ca. same length as limb lobes; stamens inserted on perianth tube throat; filaments thin, often declinate; ovary inferior, globose; style slender; stigma capitate. Fruits capsular, globose or subglobose, usually prominently beaked. Seeds fleshy, testa often corky.
Tropical and warm regions worldwide, mostly in Africa.
Species ca. 100 (4 in the flora).
|1||Flowers sessile or nearly so.||> 2|
|1||Flowers distinctly pedicellate.||> 3|
|2||Perianth white.||Crinum americanum|
|2||Perianth purplish red, particularly abaxially.||Crinum zeylanicum|
|3||Perianth pink to red; leaves 3–5 cm wide; umbels 8–13-flowered.||Crinum bulbispermum|
|3||Perianth white; leaves 7.5–12 cm wide; umbels 20–100-flowered.||Crinum asiaticum|