J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 509. 1869
Phenology: Capsules mature summer.
Habitat: Soil, thin soil over rock, humus, tree roots, decayed logs, stumps, moist areas
Elevation: low to high elevations
B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Yukon, Ala., Alaska, Ark., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Europe, Asia, n Africa.
N. Nishimura (1985) indicated that Ctenidium in eastern North America differed from true C. molluscum of Europe by its flexuose, unhooked leaves at branch apices, less falcate leaves, thin-walled, more prorulose laminal cells, and longer, thin-walled alar cells. This distinction is not upheld here. There may be a statistically distinguishable race in eastern North America as suggested by G. Pedano (1996), but there is no practical separation that might be represented in a key.
Ctenidium malacodes Mitten has been incorrectly reported from Nova Scotia, Ontario, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, and North Carolina. The species is essentially Latin American, uniformly but weakly distinguished south of the flora area by stronger distal marginal denticulation and thinner-walled alar cells. However, these traits are sometimes duplicated in specimens from eastern North America and Europe. Ctenidium molluscum was distinguished (N. Nishimura 1985) from C. malacodes by the former having more pinnate branching, more strongly falcate-secund stem leaves with narrower bases, and relatively thick-walled and sometimes shorter alar cells. Ctenidium malacodes is tentatively excluded from the flora area pending a more focused comparison of New World populations. Variety condensatum of eastern Canada is a weakly denticulate form with slenderly tapering leaf apices and is not here considered a distinct taxon.
|Author||Richard H. Zander +|
|Authority||(Hedwig) Mitten +|
|Basionyms||Hypnum molluscum +|
|Distribution||B.C. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Yukon +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Europe +, Asia + and n Africa. +|
|Elevation||low to high elevations +|
|Habitat||Soil, thin soil over rock, humus, tree roots, decayed logs, stumps, moist areas +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Patricia M. Eckel +|
|Phenology||Capsules mature summer. +|
|Publication title||J. Linn. Soc., Bot. +|
|Publication year||1869 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V28/V28 810.xml +|
|Special status||Illustrated +|
|Synonyms||Ctenidium molluscum var. condensatum +, C. subrectifolium +, H. subrectifolium + and Stereodon molluscus +|
|Taxon family||Hypnaceae +|
|Taxon name||Ctenidium molluscum +|
|Taxon parent||Ctenidium +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 28 +|