Cypripedium montanum

Douglas ex Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 528. 1840

Common names: Mountain lady’s slipper
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 504. Mentioned on page 500, 505.
Plants erect, 25–71 cm. Leaves 4–6, inserted toward base or scattered along stem, alternate, erect, ascending, or spreading; blade suborbiculate or broadly ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 3.3–17 × 2.5–9.5 cm. Flowers 1–3; sepals greenish, suffused, often heavily, with reddish brown or madder, or rarely clear green; dorsal sepal lance-acuminate to elliptic-lance-acuminate, 33–60 × 8–16 mm; lateral sepals connate; synsepal 30–60 × 6–18 mm; petals spreading-deflexed, same color as sepals, spirally twisted, linear to linear-lanceolate, 36–77 × 3–5 mm; lip white, rarely suffused with magenta, obovoid or oblance-ovoid to oblance-fusiform, 19–33 mm; orifice basal, 13–22 mm; staminode lanceoloid to broadly ovoid or ellipsoid-ovoid.

Phenology: Flowering Feb–Sep.
Habitat: Mesic to dry (rarely wet) coniferous, deciduous, and broadleaf evergreen forests, openings, and thickets, around shrubs on open slopes
Elevation: 0–2400 m


V26 1028-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash., Wyo.


Plants of Cypripedium montanum grown in exposed, relatively sunny situations have the ascending leaves inserted along the basal portion of the stem and the flowers displayed well above the leaves. In shadier, especially sheltered sites, the spreading leaves may be more evenly scattered along the stem. In this species the apical margin of the orifice of the lip is usually acute, in common with C. candidum, and in contrast to the usually obtuse margin in C. parviflorum; this difference can aid determination of discolored herbarium specimens. Hybrids of C. montanum and C. parviflorum have been designated C. ×columbianum Sheviak. See 11. C. parviflorum for a general discussion of hybridization and variation within and between related species.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Cypripedium montanum"
AuthorCharles J. Sheviak +
AuthorityDouglas ex Lindley +
Common nameMountain lady’s slipper +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +, Wash. + and Wyo. +
Elevation0–2400 m +
HabitatMesic to dry (rarely wet) coniferous, deciduous, and broadleaf evergreen forests, openings, and thickets, around shrubs on open slopes +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
PhenologyFlowering Feb–Sep. +
Publication titleGen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
Publication year1840 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V26/V26 1028.xml +
Taxon familyOrchidaceae +
Taxon nameCypripedium montanum +
Taxon parentCypripedium +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +