Cyrtopodium polyphyllum

(Vellozo) Pabst ex F. Barrios
Acta Bot. Brasil. 8: 12. 1994.
Basionyms: Epidendrum polyphyllum Vellozo Fl. Flumin., plate vol. 9, 17. 1831
Synonyms: Cyrtopodium paranaense Schlechter
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 642. Mentioned on page 643.

Plants terrestrial, 50–150 cm. Pseudobulbs elongate, fusiform. Inflorescences erect, racemes to panicles, 100–200 cm. Flowers bright yellow, 3–4 cm wide; lip with middle lobe margins not conspicuously verruculose-tuberculate, lateral lobes bright yellow, shorter than middle lobe. Capsules to 10 cm.

Phenology: Flowering winter.
Habitat: Pinelands
Elevation: 10–100[–1500] m


V26 1320-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., South America (Brazil).


Cyrtopodium polyphyllum was reported for Florida (C. A. Luer 1972) as C. andersonii (Lambert) R. Brown. The only available herbarium specimen [McCormack sub G. N. Avery 1155 (FTG)] is referable to C. polyphyllum. Cyrtopodium andersonii differs from C. polyphyllum in having narrowly ovate rather than broadly elliptic sepals (G. A. Romero-G. and G. Carnevali F.-C. 1999).

Selected References


Lower Taxa