Sp. Pl. 1: 530. 175
Gen. Pl. ed 5, 236. 1754
n temperate and arctic subtropical and, in Eastern Hemisphere, tropical mountains (s of equator in Africa).
Species ca. 300 (61 in the flora).
Three Eurasian species of Delphinium–D. elatum Linnaeus, D. grandiflorum Linnaeus, and D. tatsienense Franchet–have been commonly cultivated in North America. Of the nonnative taxa, only D. elatum is sporadically naturalized, as far as is known. Isolating mechanisms in Delphinium appear to be primarily ecological, geographic, and/or temporal. Where these distinctions are disrupted, introgression often exists. Hybridization occurs regularly between certain taxa, particularly in areas of disturbance (e.g., roadcuts, drainage ditches, clearcuts). The more common and easily recognized hybrids are included in the key.
Many names have been misapplied in Delphinium. The few misapplied names mentioned in discussions below refer to relatively widespread problems.
Unless otherwise noted, the key and descriptions refer to fresh material. Some features may be significantly altered by pressing; they can, however, usually be determined with a certain amount of effort and experience.
In the descriptions, "base of cleft" refers to the point where the cleft or sinus reaches most deeply into the petal blade.
|Author||Michael J. Warnock +|
|Common name||Larkspur + and delphinium +|
|Distribution||n temperate and arctic subtropical and +, in Eastern Hemisphere + and tropical mountains (s of equator in Africa). +|
|Etymology||Greek delphinion, derived from delphin, possibly for fancied resemblance of flowers of some species to classical sculptures of dolphins +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed +|
|Publication year||1754 +|
|Reference||ewan1945a +, lewis1954a +, taylor1960a +, warnock1993a + and warnock1995a +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 53.xml +|
|Taxon family||Ranunculaceae +|
|Taxon name||Delphinium +|
|Taxon parent||Ranunculaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|