Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria

unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 160.
Plants annual or biennial. Stems erect, simple or branched, 4–88 cm, often pubescent. Leaves: sheath 1–4 mm, 1–2 times as long as stem diam.; blade linear to narrowly oblanceolate, 2–10.5 cm, green, margins basally ciliate. Inflorescences usually open 3–6-flowered cymes or flowers sometimes solitary; bracts linear, equaling or longer than calyx, herbaceous, apex acute; bracteoles 4, green, linear to lanceolate, 3/4–1 times as long as calyx, herbaceous, apex acute. Pedicels 0.1–3 mm. Flowers subsessile; calyx 20–25-veined, 11–20 mm, pubescent, lobes acuminate, 2–7 mm; petals reddish with white dots (rarely all white), bearded, 3–8(–10) mm, apex dentate. Capsules 10–16 mm, slightly shorter than calyx. Seeds 1.1–1.4 mm. 2n = 30 (Europe).

Phenology: Flowering spring and summer.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, shores, open woods, waste places
Elevation: 0-2300 m

Distribution

V5 324-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Europe, w Asia, introduced in South America (Chile), Pacific Islands (Hawaii).

Discussion

Subspecies armeria is occasionally cultivated, as in Louisiana, where apparently it has not yet escaped. It was collected at Stephenville, Newfoundland, in 1972 (Rouleau 11293, CAN, MT), but apparently has not become established there.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorRichard K. Rabeler + and Ronald L. Hartman +
Authorityunknown +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Europe +, w Asia +, introduced in South America (Chile) + and Pacific Islands (Hawaii). +
Elevation0-2300 m +
HabitatRoadsides, fields, shores, open woods, waste places +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering spring and summer. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 324.xml +
SynonymsCaryophyllaceae subfam. Silenoideae +
Taxon familyCaryophyllaceae +
Taxon nameDianthus armeria subsp. armeria +
Taxon parentDianthus armeria +
Taxon ranksubspecies +
VolumeVolume 5 +