Echinodorus tenellus

(Martius) Buchenau

Index Crit. Butom. Alism. Juncagin. 21. 1868

Basionyms: Alisma tenellum Martius in J. J. Roemer and J. A. Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7(2): 1600. 1830
Synonyms: Echinodorus parvulus Engelmann Echinodorus tenellus var. parvulus (Engelmann) Fassett Helianthium parvulum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Herbs, annual, relatively slender, to 25 cm; rhizomes absent. Leaves: submersed leaves mostly present, sessile; emersed leaves with petioles 4–5-ridged, 1.2–9.5 cm; blade with translucent markings absent, linear, 1–7.4 × 0.2–0.5 cm, base attenuate; if emersed, narrowly lanceolate to ovate. Inflorescences umbels, rarely racemes, of 1–2 whorls, each 4–6-flowered, erect, to 6 × 8 cm, not proliferating; peduncles terete, 1.2–4 cm; rachis absent or if present, terete; bracts connate ca. ½ length, deltate, 2.8–4.9 mm, coarse, margins delicate; pedicels spreading, 0.5–3 cm. Flowers 6–8 mm wide; sepals slightly appressed, 3–5-veined, veins not papillate; petals clawed; stamens 9; anthers basifixed; pistils 15–20. Fruits obovate, flattened, 0–3-ribbed, not abaxially keeled, 0.8–1.5 × 0.8–1 mm, glands absent; beak lateral, 0.1–0.2 mm. Chromosome number unknown.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Sandy soil along margins of small streams or lakes
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V22 403-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Conn., Fla., Ga., Ill., Kans., Mass., Mich., N.Y., S.C., Tex., Vt., se Mexico, West Indies, Central America (Guatemala, Nicaragua), South America.

Discussion

Echinodorus tenellus has often been separated into two species, one in North America and the other in the tropics. Whenever Echinodorus is studied throughout the range, differences between the two species break down, and a continuum exists from one species to the next. We recognize that overlap; therefore we are combining E. parvulus with E. tenellus.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Echinodorus tenellus"
AuthorRobert R. Haynes + and C. Barre Hellquist +
Authority(Martius) Buchenau +
BasionymsAlisma tenellum +
DistributionAla. +, Conn. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Kans. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, N.Y. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, se Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America (Guatemala +, Nicaragua) + and South America. +
Elevation0–1500 m +
HabitatSandy soil along margins of small streams or lakes +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering summer–fall. +
Publication titleIndex Crit. Butom. Alism. Juncagin. +
Publication year1868 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 403.xml +
SynonymsEchinodorus parvulus +, Echinodorus tenellus var. parvulus + and Helianthium parvulum +
Taxon familyAlismataceae +
Taxon nameEchinodorus tenellus +
Taxon parentEchinodorus +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +