Sp. Pl. 2: 814. 1753
Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 356. 1754
Common names: Globe thistle
Etymology: Greek echinos, hedgehog, spiny, and ops, face, appearance, alluding to spiny heads
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 85. Mentioned on page 12, 28, 64, 82, 83.
Perennials, 100–200 cm, herbage usually ± tomentose, spiny. Stems usually erect, simple or branched. Leaves basal and cauline; sessile or petiolate; blade margins dentate to pinnately 1–3-pinnately lobed or divided, lobes and teeth spiny, faces ± tomentose, sometimes glandular. Heads discoid, many, each with 1 floret, sessile, in pedunculate, spheric secondary heads. Secondary involucres of reflexed, laciniate-pinnatifid bracts. Primary involucres ellipsoid, subtended by bristles. Phyllaries many in several series, unequal, lanceolate (outer) to linear (inner), entire, apices sometimes expanded and fringed, not spine-tipped. Receptacles turbinate, bearing elongate subulate scales. Florets 1 per primary head; corollas white to greenish, blue-gray, blue, or purple, tubes elongate, throats very short, lobes linear; anther bases sharply tailed, apical appendages narrowly triangular, acute; style branches: fused portions with minutely hairy rings, distinct portions divergent, linear-oblong. Cypselae ± cylindric, 4-angled, apices ± truncate, without crowns, densely villous with long, stiff, appressed or ascending, multicellular hairs, attachment scars basal; pappi of many, short, ± connate [or distinct] scales. x = 13, 14, 15, 16.
Species ca. 120 (3 in the flora).
Facts about "Echinops"
|Author||David J. Keil +|
|Basionyms||Asteraceae tribe Cynareae +|
|Common name||Globe thistle +|
|Distribution||Eurasia + and Africa. +|
|Etymology||Greek echinos, hedgehog, spiny, and ops, face, appearance, alluding to spiny heads +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +|
|Publication year||1753 + and 1754 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 29.xml +|
|Taxon family||Asteraceae +|
|Taxon name||Echinops +|
|Taxon parent||Asteraceae tribe Cardueae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 19 +|