in C. G. D. Nees, Horae Phys. Berol., 73, plate 15. 1820
North America (w United States), nw Mexico.
Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).
Eschscholzia californica is the state flower of California. Although it is toxic to humans, its roots are relished by gophers. Widely planted in North America and elsewhere as an ornamental, roadside, and reclamation plant, with many color forms in the horticultural trade, it often escapes but usually does not persist.
This species is highly variable (more than 90 infraspecific taxa have been described), not only among different plants and locations but also within individual plants over the course of the growing season, especially in petal size and color (see W. L. Jepson 1909-1943, vol. 1, part 7, pp. 564-569).
Native Americans used Eschscholzia californica (no varieties specified) to treat lice, to induce sleep in children, as a poison, for consumption, for toothaches, and as an emetic (D. E. Moerman 1986).
|Authority||Chamisso in C. G. D. Nees +|
|Common name||California-poppy +|
|Distribution||North America (w United States) + and Nw Mexico. +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Publication title||in C. G. D. Nees, Horae Phys. Berol., +|
|Publication year||1820 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 316.xml +|
|Special status||Weedy +|
|Taxon family||Papaveraceae +|
|Taxon name||Eschscholzia californica +|
|Taxon parent||Eschscholzia +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|