Ficus citrifolia


Gard. Dict. ed. 8. 1768.

Common names: Wild banyan tree
Synonyms: Ficus brevifolia Nuttall Ficus laevigata Vahl Ficus laevigata var. brevifolia (Nuttall) D'Arcy Ficus populifolia Willdenow Ficus populnea var. floridana E. Warburg Ficus populnea var. brevifolia (Nuttall) E. Warburg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Shrubs or trees, evergreen, to 15 m. Roots adventitious, aerial, hanging. Bark brownish, smooth. Branchlets grayish, glabrous or sparingly pubescent. Leaves: stipules 0.5-2 cm, glabrous; petiole (0.7-)1.5-6 cm. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic or obovate, 3-14 × 1.5-8 cm, nearly leathery, base usually cordate or rounded to obtuse, margins entire, apex obtuse to acute or acuminate; surfaces abaxially and adaxially glabrous; basal veins 1(-2) pairs; lateral veins fewer than 10, if more than 10, not uniformly spaced. Syconia solitary or paired, pedunculate, yellow or red, spotted, globose to globose-ovoid, 8-18 mm diam., glabrous; peduncles to ca. 15 mm; subtending bracts 2, shortly connate, deltate or broadly rounded, 2-3 mm wide, glabrous or puberulent; ostiole subtended by 3 bracts, bracts ovate, ca. 1 × 2-3 mm, slightly umbonate.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Tropical hammocks
Elevation: 0-10 m


V3 128-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America.


Ficus citrifolia is the large and graceful banyan tree that is planted for shade around verandas.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Ficus citrifolia"
Richard P. Wunderlin +
Miller +
Wild banyan tree +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America. +
0-10 m +
Tropical hammocks +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
Ficus brevifolia +, Ficus laevigata +, Ficus laevigata var. brevifolia +, Ficus populifolia +, Ficus populnea var. floridana +  and Ficus populnea var. brevifolia +
Ficus citrifolia +
species +