Helianthus decapetalus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 905. 1753

Common names: Thinleaf sunflower hélianthe à dix rayons
Endemic
Synonyms: Helianthus trachelifolius Miller
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 158. Mentioned on page 146, 159.

Perennials, 60–200 cm (rhizomatous). Stems erect, glabrous. Leaves cauline; opposite (proximal or all) or alternate (distal); petioles (1–)2–5 cm; blades (green, 3-nerved distal to bases) lanceolate to ovate, 7–21 × 4–10 cm, bases rounded to cuneate (often shortly decurrent onto petioles), margins usually serrate (moderately to notably in larger leaves), abaxial faces ± scabro-hispidulous, relatively sparsely gland-dotted. Heads 3–6(–10). Peduncles 2–12 cm (not gland-dotted). Invo-lucres hemispheric, 12–25 mm diam. Phyllaries 20–25 (often reflexed), lance-linear to lanceolate, 11–16 × 2–3 mm (sometimes leaflike, longest surpassing discs by 1/2+ their lengths), (margins ciliate) apices attenuate, abaxial faces strigillose to glabrate, not gland-dotted. Paleae 8–10 mm, 3-toothed. Ray florets 8–12; laminae 20–25 mm. Disc florets 40+; corollas 6.5–7.2 mm, lobes yellow; anthers usually dark brown to black (rarely reddish brown), appendages dark or reddish brown. Cypselae 3.5–5 mm; pappi of 2 aristate scales 3–4 mm. 2n = 34, 68.


Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Mesic to wet woodland edges
Elevation: 10–1200 m

Distribution

V21-377-distribution-map.gif

N.B., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Helianthus decapetalus is sometimes confused with Heliopsis helianthoides because of shared habitats and superficial similarities. The tetraploid cytotype of H. decapetalus intergrades (and apparently hybridizes) with H. strumosus, particularly in the southern Appalachians; individual specimens can be difficult to place in one or the other species. In addition to morphologic differences, H. decapetalus usually occurs in more mesic habitats, particularly along watercourses; H. strumosus is found in drier sites such as roadside slopes. Helianthus ×multiflorus Linnaeus is a sterile hybrid, often with “doubled” heads (in which disc florets are replaced by ray florets); it is cultivated and is sometimes included within H. decapetalus, e.g., H. decapetalus var. multiflorus (Linnaeus) A. Gray; its parents are H. decapetalus and H. annuus.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Helianthus decapetalus"
Edward E. Schilling +
Linnaeus +
Thinleaf sunflower +  and hélianthe à dix rayons +
N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
10–1200 m +
Mesic to wet woodland edges +
Flowering summer–fall. +
Helianthus trachelifolius +
Helianthus decapetalus +
Helianthus +
species +