Helleborus viridis


Sp. Pl. 1: 557. 1753

Common names: Green hellebore
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Herbs, 1.2-3.5 dm. Stems fluted and ridged. Leaves 2-5 or more; basal leaves with petioles to 30cm; blades to 40cm wide, lobes 6-15, 2-cleft or incised, 6-21 × 1.5-4.2 cm, margins sharply serrate; cauline leaves similar to basal but smaller, sessile or short-petioled. Inflorescences: peduncles 2-5 cm. Flowers pendent, 35-60 mm diam.; sepals scarcely imbricate, 9-20 mm wide; petals upwardly curved, cornucopia-like with involute margins. Follicles 3-6, connate at base, swollen; body 14-25 mm; beak persistent.

Phenology: Flowering winter–early spring (Dec–Mar).
Habitat: Waste places, abandoned gardens, shaded roadsides, and calcareous woodlands
Elevation: 0-400m


V3 639-distribution-map.gif

Ill., Md., Mich., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., W.Va., Europe.


This species is not as commonly planted as it once was, and most records are old.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Helleborus viridis"
AuthorBruce A. Ford +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameGreen hellebore +
DistributionIll. +, Md. +, Mich. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, W.Va. + and Europe. +
Elevation0-400m +
HabitatWaste places, abandoned gardens, shaded roadsides, and calcareous woodlands +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering winter–early spring (Dec–Mar). +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 639.xml +
Special statusIllustrated + and Introduced +
Taxon familyRanunculaceae +
Taxon nameHelleborus viridis +
Taxon parentHelleborus +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +