Hylocereus undatus

(Haworth) Britton & Rose in N. L. Britton
in N. L. Britton, Fl. Bermuda, 256. 1918.
Common names: Night-blooming cere us
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionyms: Cereus undatus Haworth Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 7: 110. 1830
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 175. Mentioned on page 176.

Plants sprawling or clambering over rocks, shrubs, and trees. Stems usually sharply 3-angled, to 500+ × 4–7.5 cm; ribs with undulate margins and gray, hornlike bark; areoles 2 mm diam. Spines 1–4 per areole, brownish gray, inconspicuous. Flowers fragrant; outer tepals white, outermost strongly reflexed, midstripes yellowish green; inner tepals white, broad, oblanceolate; filaments 50–75 mm; style cream, 175–200 mm. Fruits spheric to oblong. Seeds 2 × 1 mm. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Disturbed sites in sandy soils [tropical deciduous and semideciduous forests]
Elevation: 0-50 m

Distribution

V4 335-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n South America.

Discussion

Hylocereus undatus is sporadically naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide where it is cultivated for its large, edible fruits and beautiful flowers, which are among the largest in the cactus family. In Florida, H. undatus has escaped from cultivation in nine counties, forming large colonies in some areas. Individuals of this species grow prolifically and may soon overrun their substrate. Whether populations of H. undatus in the United States are merely persisting or are also reproducing sexually remains unclear.

The vernacular name night-blooming cereus has been applied to several genera of cacti with large, nocturnal flowers.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Hylocereus undatus"
Michael W. Hawkes +
(Haworth) Britton & Rose in N. L. Britton +
Cereus undatus +
Night-blooming cere us +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and n South America. +
0-50 m +
Disturbed sites in sandy soils [tropical deciduous and semideciduous forests] +
Flowering year-round. +
in N. L. Britton, Fl. Bermuda, +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Wilmattea +
Hylocereus undatus +
Hylocereus +
species +